Historically, the Dutch have always been fervent cyclists. This enthusiasm is now growing even further as cycling is being discovered as a key ingredient of the sustainable city. New bicycle typologies such as the introduction of the so-called e-bike are helping to amplify this shift in mass transportation. More and more public transport hubs will be complemented with extensive and user friendly amenities for cyclists, as increasing amounts of people begin to favour the combination of cycling and public transport over car use.
目前，Utrecht中心车站地区正在进行大规模改造，以修复六、七十年代进行的多项「现代化」工程留下的伤痕，并增加新功能，使之成为市中心充满活力和友好的一部分。为此，市区内的公路正在被更为宽阔的街道所取代，历史悠久的运河正在得到修复。另外，曾经把火车站与 Hoog Catharijne购物中心(均为荷兰最大的购物中心)连接在一起的庞大的现代大型基础设施，现在已经被拆除，以插入一条新的公共街道和广场，以及一个自行车停车库。新的" Stationsallee"是一条主要面向行人的街道，从30米宽的星形环形上升至6米高，广场被扩大，车站和购物中心的入口都位于此。广场上有个巨大的标志性天篷，使之前连接的各部分之间在此分流。
The Utrecht Central station area is currently undergoing a major makeover. By healing the scars left behind by a number of ‘modernizations’ carried out in the sixties and seventies and adding new functions to the area this part of Utrecht is designated to finally become a vibrant and friendly part of the city centre. To achieve this, inner city highways are being replaced by more modest streets and historic canals are being restored. Also, the huge modernist megastructure that once glued together the railway station and the Hoog Catharijne shopping mall (both the biggest of their kind in the Netherlands) has been taken apart, allowing for a new public street and square to be inserted, together with a bicycle parking garage. This new “Stationsallee”, a street aimed mainly at pedestrians rises by means of 30 meter wide starircases, to a level of 6 meters to widen into a square where the entrances of both the station and the shopping mall are situated. An enormous iconic canopy marks the square and enables a dry crossing between the parts that before have always been connected.
The three storey bicycle parking is situated underneath the square. It has been designed with three aims in mind: convenience, speed and safety. In order to achieve this in a facility of this scale cyclists are enabled to pedal all the way up to their parking slot. The parking lanes branch off the cycle paths, to ensure that users do not get in the way of cyclists passing through the system. Room for mounting and dismounting is left alongside the cycling lanes. Modestly sloping ramps connect the parking areas on different levels The walls are colour-coded to indicate the routing, and electronic signals indicate the position of free parking slots. Additional facilities such as a cycle repair shop, a cycle rental outlet and several floor managers meet users’ every need.
Stairwells and tunnels create direct connections to the elevated square, the main terminal building and the platforms. Ensuring good orientation and plenty of daylight, the stairwells are located inside atria covered by glass roofs. Large windows in the outer walls allow users views toward the platforms and the bus terminal.
The bike park uses durable materials such as concrete, steel and chemically treated wood. In combination, these raw materials create an atmosphere in the building that still feels warm and pleasant. Three concrete columns supporting the giant canopy extend all the way down into the parking area. These trumpet-shaped elements have a diameter of 5 metres at floor level, falling to 1.2 m at the top, and each one is cast as a single element.
The building is more than just infrastructure. It adds an exciting and surprising architectural dimension to the city. Cycling through the garage has become a unique experience; not just another part of everyday life in the city, but almost an attraction in its own right.
The cycle parking area is officially open at 19 august 2019 an it will have a world record capacity of over 12,500 bikes.
项目名称：The World's Biggest Bicycle Parking
设计单位：Ector Hoogstad Architecten
项目地址： 荷兰 Utrecht
项目团队：Joost Ector，Max Pape，Chris Arts，Stijn Rademakers，Gijs Sanders，Ralph Sijstermans，Lesley Bijholt，Romy Berntsen，Daniel Diez，Kees Bongers，
主要承包商：BAM Bouw en techniek
景观设计：Buro Sant en Co
Client: The Municipality of Utrecht
Design: Ector Hoogstad Architecten, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Project team: Joost Ector, Max Pape, Chris Arts, Stijn Rademakers, Gijs Sanders, Ralph Sijstermans, Lesley Bijholt, Romy Berntsen, Daniel Diez, Kees Bongers,
Construction management: Royal HaskoningDHV
Installation consultants: Royal HaskoningDHV
Building physics: DGMR
Lightning advice: Arup
Main contractor: BAM Bouw en techniek
Landscape design square: Buro Sant en Co
Completion: Fase 1: Augustus 2017 Fase 2 Augustus 2019
Gross floor plan bicycle parking: 21.373m2
Length of bike path, 1200m
Length of bridge 45meter,
Plot area in m² of quarter 21500 m2,
Plot area in m² of the park: square is 8750m2
Size of parking facility m², number of parking places:12500
Photography: Petra Appelhof