2009年，Våler的古老木制教堂在一场大火中消失。对当地的小社区来说，失去两百年历史的木制教堂是一个悲剧。在挪威东部的松树林中，当地社区决定重建一座木制的新教堂。在那里安排了一场公开的建筑师竞赛，这是挪威有史以来规模最大的竞赛之一，共有来自23个国家的239个提案。"en med to av tre "项目被选为比赛的冠军。比赛获胜后，工程立即启动，并持续了三年，直到新教堂完工。
Våler Church of resurrection
In 2009 the old wooden church in Våler where lost in a fire. The loss of their two hundred year old wood church was a tragedy for the small local community. Placed in the middle of the pine forests in the eastern part of Norway, the local community decided to rebuild a new church built in wood. There where arranged an open architect competition which turned out to be one of the largest in Norway ever, with 239 proposals from 23 countries. The project «en med to av tre» was chosen as the winner for the competition. Work where immediately initiated after the victory, and continued non-stop for three years until the new church was finished.
The open international competition for Våler church is one of the largest in Norway ever, with 239 proposals from 23 countries. The competitions winner proposal where finished spring 2015. Våler is a small village along the Glomma River. The churchyard is one of the few planned areas of the town centre, and when the old 19th Century church burned down in 2009, people felt the loss very keenly. The all but impossible task of the new church was to recreate the lost space as a frame for significant events in local people’s lives.
The main challenge in the project was to give the local community a meaningful church back. As a paradox the tragic loss of the old church gave the birth to a new beginning. The theme of the new church thereby became resurrection. Together with the artist, Espen Dietrichson, we worked with different design elements to manifestate the theme trough the project. The most important element is the work with daylight coming inn to the church from different daylight openings. This symbolises hope, and that light defies darkness, after the tragic loss of the old church.
The buildings expression was generated as a direct response to the place and organised around a quadrat with four oriels pointing north, south, east and west, as an analogy to the old cross-church. The main story of the liturgy has become the narrative of the church: from fire to resurrection. The new church is placed on the existing processional axis, and clad in straight board of heartwood pine, reflecting the local forest landscape. The natural facades have a long local tradition. Due to climate they slowly get darker before ending up going back to nature. Every fifty years the façade-wood will be renewed, and the church will resurrect as new for every new-born generation.
The project is cladded in core-pine on the outside, and in birch-plywood on the inside. This represents the huge pine- and birch woods that surrounds the site, in which the project wants to belong. The core-pine is a natural and organic material which in the Norwegian climate gets its dark patina. Slowly the pine-cladding returns to nature, and every fifty years the cladding will be replaced, and the church will be «reborn» for new generations.
内部用桦木夹板覆盖。内部的艺术阐述力求 "消除 "现实的承重结构，实现轻盈的表达。塔楼标志着主要的礼仪空间，教堂大厅和洗礼堂，从一个共同的混凝土浇铸基座上升起，这是教堂的 "基岩"。旧十字架教堂的脚印，被做成了纪念碑，作为旧墓地中间的一个大坟墓。在纪念碑的后面，新教堂拔地而起。新教堂是作为一个文化舞台，为整个Våler社区提供一个开放的聚会场所。
The interior is covered in birch plywood. The artistic elaboration in the interior seeks to “eradicate” the reality of the loadbearing structure and achieve an expression of lightness. The towers mark the main liturgical spaces, the church hall and the baptistery, rising from a common cast concrete plinth, the “bedrock” of the church. The footprint of the old cross church, were made into a memorial as a big grave in the middle of the old graveyard. Behind the memorial the new church rises up. The new church is built as a cultural arena, and open-minded gathering-place for the whole community of Våler.
The forms of the building is designed by strict geometric rules. The plan is quadratic and divided by a diagonal procession-axis going from a small Chappel, placed south, and over to the main church room placed north. Two towers are showing where the liturgics points are placed in the church. The highest tower is 24m high, and the small tower is 12m. The towers have overlights on the top, making a view from the audience towards the sky. At the same time the overlights allow daylight to enter the rooms.
In the siteplan, the footprint of the old church is rebuilt to make a memorial. The old church is brought to rest between the graves on the old graveyard.
Project: Våler Church
Design firm: Architect Espen Surnevik
Client: Våler church-council (Location Våler – Hedmark – Norway)
Architect: Espen Surnevik (1973) – professor at The Oslo School of Architecture
Collaborating structural engineer: Dr. Techn. Kristoffer Apeland AS
Collaborating artist: Espen Dietrichson (1976)
Contractor / Entrepreneur: Martin M. Bakken AS
Project type:: Lutheran Norwegian Church.
Location: The eastern part of Norway, close to the Swedish border, two hours driving north of Oslo.
Våler-center (place) – Våler (local district) – Hedmark (district) – Norway
Site: Old cemetery form the 17-th centuary.
Project size: The Church is 950 square meters. Large tower are 24m high. Small tower are 12m high.
Building of the Year 2015 in Norway (Årets bygg 2015)
Norwegian wood-award 2016 (Innlandets trepris 2016)
Archmarathon Award Milano 2016 “Best Religious Building”
The Norwegian Governmental Award of Architecture 2016 (Statens Byggeskikkpris 2016)
Photo credit: Rasmus Norlander, Michel Vo, Asgeir Trønes