The pandemic has highlighted the importance of designing buildings where the relationship with nature is reinforced and where outdoor and indoor spaces are more connected each other. In these context, primary importance should be given to educational buildings. Around the world, in these weeks many schools have just re-opened or are going to re-open soon after the great lockdown. Many protocols have been developed by National Governments in order to make the return to school possible, even in buildings which were not designed to facilitate physical distancing.
未来的学校必须从一个新的角度来设计：而不是仅仅考虑可持续发展的标准，它们必须具备维持整个社会所处的新条件的能力。此外，得益于 "智能工作 "的可能性，COVID后的一个后果是大量人口从大城市迁移到密度较低的地区。这一现象凸显了对那些被遗忘的地区进行再教育的重要性。
The schools of the future will have to be designed under a new point of view: rather then just considering criteria of sustain-ability, they will have to embrace the ability-to-sustain the new condition where the pandemic put the entire society in. Moreover, thanks to the possibility given by the ‘smart working’, one of the post-covid consequeces has been the relocation of mass of people from big cities to less dense areas. This phenomena puts the accent on the importance of requalifying those areas, that have been forgotten so far.
▽剖面图 可持续性发展 Sustainable section
In these circumstances, the concept model of the school of the future has to be enlarged to a bigger scale: we should start thinking about educational buildings where several schools are combined (kindergarten, primary and secondary school) still maintaining their own independency. Not only this. Community center, an urban plaza, a café and a library should be included and offered as spaces for the entire community: the building is operable 24h and becomes an important civic reference and the begin and opportunity for the requalification of suburbs and rural areas.
▽功能的灵活性 Functions flexibility
Considering these aspects, the proposed design provides a modular educational center that can include all the phases of the educational process: Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary schools. All the required spaces are fitted into two rings: the massing articulation allows to create two courtyards and an additional usable roof. The classrooms are located in circle and have connections to the courtyards and the outdoor landscape. Each module, of 55 sqm, is made of cross laminated timber and corresponds to an ideal classroom of 20/25 students connected by a central corridor.
▽项目体量生成与概念 Concept diagrams
The building is designed as a ‘tree-house’ and it is distributed through multiple levels, where also roofs are usable and where indoor and outdoor spaces are combined allowing high flexibility for educational activities. The main idea is to create a school that is suspended and immerse in the nature, as a house tree, where the relationship with nature is physically and visibly increased. This is possible thanks to the faceted façade, made by the alternation of solid timber panels and glazing panels. The circular perimeter allows to block the direct sunlight with the opaque panels, and get diffuse light and free view through the transparent ones.
The school of the future has to be energy self-sufficient. The educational building adopts several sustainable devices as rain water collections, natural cross ventilation and photovoltaic panels, wind energy devices, all located on the higher roof. At this level, accessible by the scholars, are exhibited all the sustainable devices that the school utilizes in order to reduce the energy consumptions. Sustainability becomes part of the educational experience of the children, who have their first approach to this theme through the building itself.
▽庭院视角 Courtyard view
▽立面概念 Facade concept views
The modularity of the design allows for future school extension, different programs, different number of classrooms and also can be adapted to create different functions, such as temporary medical centers for emergencies or temporary residential units.
▽功能分析 Program diagram
The school of the future has to be sustainable and ,in the same time, able to sustain the new post-covid requirements. It has to be outdoor spaces inclusive and open to nature, made of natural materials and low-cost construction techniques, as modular design. It has to be highly flexible and an able to be adapted to different functions and programs, and provide several benefits to the whole community, becoming the incipit for the requalification of peripheral urban areas.
Project: THE TREE-HOUSE SCHOOL
Design: Valentino Gareri
Parametric modeling: Mirco Bianchini
Frontal & Roof views: Winston Wu